Influência da gordura corporal no desempenho em saltos verticais em jogadores profissionais brasileiros de basquetebol

Vitor Luiz de Andrade, Ronaldo Buken Gobbi, Danilo Rodrigues Bertucci, Pedro Balikian Junior

Resumo


Objetivo: Investigar a composição corporal (CC) e o salto vertical bem como as possíveis correlações entre os parâmetros de CC e o desempenho de jogadores brasileiros de basquetebol. Métodos: Dez jogadores profissionais de basquetebol (idade 23,3 ± 3,7 anos, massa corporal 88,9 ± 15,3 kg e estatura 193 ± 8,3 cm) foram submetidos à análise da composição corporal (DXA) em que foram separados os segmentos corporais do tronco, pernas e total, e desempenho de salto vertical, mensurado pelo Squat Jump (SJ) e Countermovement Jump (CMJ). Resultados: Foram encontrados valores de percentual de gordura total (%GTOTAL) de 16,4 ± 8,1% e massa gorda total (MGTOTAL) de 14,7 ± 9,3 kg. Além disso, o percentual de gordura do tronco (%GT) foi de 17,3 ± 8,6% e massa gorda do tronco (MGT) foi de 7,4 ± 4,9 kg. O SJ (37,7 ± 5,7 cm) foi significativamente menor que o CMJ (40,8 ± 6,0 cm; +7,6 ± 6,0%; p<0,05), que correspondeu a uma diferença absoluta (CMJ-SJ) de 3,1 ± 2,7 cm. Adicionalmente, foram encontradas correlações negativas entre o desempenho no CMJ e os parâmetros de %GTOTAL e MGTOTAL, MGT e %GT (r = -0,69; r = -0,66; r = -0,71; r = -0,72; p<0,05). Conclusões: Jogadores de basquete brasileiros, a distribuição das massas (i.e., massa magra, massa gorda), principalmente a massa gorda total e a do tronco influencia diretamente no desempenho do salto.


Palavras-chave


antropometria, DEXA, desempenho, basquetebol

Texto completo:

P.15-19

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17648/aces.v6n1.2110

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